Close reading Critical analysis

Write a critical analysis of the followingpassages. In order to complete this assignment, you will need to do a closereading of the text, i.e., you will have to carefully examine individual words,sentences, figures of speech, rhetorical techniques, tone, etc. Your paperitself will be a textual analysis of the passages in which you use what youhave identified in the close reading to interpret and critique the passages.You are expected to be as specific as possible in your analysis, using the textitself to support your interpretation or critique. However, citing orparaphrasing the original without analysis is not enough. The assignment youhand in must go beneath the surface of the text to uncover as much of itssignificance as possible. Since this is the first time we are asking you toread between the lines in this way, we offer some approaches below as startingpoints for your analysis.
Remember, this exercise is about learningto read texts carefully, identify important information, and analyze andpresent what you have found as evidence in an organized, well-argued way. Thisis a necessary step in good paper writing, and we will be going over this skillin tutorials throughout the year.
 
Requirements:
 
Please submit an approximately 750-wordtextual analysis (notes and headers do not count) on the readings that follow.Use line numbers in parentheses to indicate where specific words in theoriginal passage can be found (e.g., (Passage 1, line 3)). Make sure you knowthe difference between a direct quotation and a paraphrase, and do not forgetto identify which passage you are analyzing!
Your paper must include your full name,student ID, tutorial leader and tutorial time, as well as the date ofsubmission. It must be double-spaced 12 pt. Times New Roman, with 1-inchmargins and page numbers. Submissions not conforming to these rules will not beaccepted (i.e., no page numbers, no grade!) Your TA is not responsiblefor notifying you of submission errors. Spelling and grammar count towards yourgrade, so make sure you proofread and spell check your document. Contractions(e.g., wont or Im) are not allowed.
Criteria for Evaluation:
 
1. How well do you understand the readings?
 
2. Can you articulate clear, coherentinterpretations of the works and support these effectively with evidence fromyour analysis of the works?
 
3. Are you able to integrate relevantmaterial from lecture or readings to strengthen your analysis? Cite lecturenumber or course kit page number in parentheses if you do.
 
4. Writing style, including good paragraphstructure, clarity, and organizational structure.
 
5. Good grammar and essay-mechanics(title, spelling, punctuation).
 
THIS ASSIGNMENT IS NOT ABOUT YOUROPINIONS ON THE POSITIONS STATED IN THE PASSAGES! You are not evaluating theauthors. Rather, you are trying to understand the readings on their own termsand put them into the context of course concepts to understand what they tellus about the time and place in which they were written. You are not to useany outside sources for this assignment.
 
Passage 1:
You cannot say that the teachings of the Buddhistsare ignorant, for actually they are quite profound. But essentially speaking,they can finally be reduced to a pattern of selfishness. Why do we say this? Inthe world there cannot be birth without death or joy without sorrow. Butwherever the Buddhists go, they always want to pervert this truth and preachthe elimination of birth and death and the neutralization of joy and sorrow. Inthe final analysis this is nothing but self-interest. The teachings of theTaoists even carry with them an element of treachery, as evidenced in their sayingsthat the purpose of giving is to take away and the purpose of opening is toclose. Furthermore, their general intention is to fool the people and to bewise themselves. When [the First Emperor] of Ch’in fooled his people, histricks probably were derived from the Taoists.
The Buddhists advocate the renunciation of thefamily and the world. Fundamentally the family cannot be renounced. Let us saythat it can, however, when the Buddhists refuse to recognize their parents asparents and run away. But how can a person escape from the world? Only when aperson no longer stands under heaven or upon the earth is he able to forsakethe world. But while he continues to drink when thirsty and eat when hungry, hestill stands under heaven and sets his feet on earth.
Passage 2:
In the countryside thesincere and ancient Way is still alive. There are few distractions. Yourdetermination to deport yourself properly and strive for virtue will arise ofits own accord. People with strong resolve go voluntarily to the countryside.Already in ancient times, there were those who left the noisy capital, whonever again longed for the ways of [the Osaka-Kyoto] Kamigata [region ]
In the Kamigata region thereare too many distractions, so that it is difficult to focus on learning [].From now on, you should resolve to strive for learning and to embark upon theWay, to cultivate your mind and to behave properly []
[T]hese days daughters andwives read Tales of Ise, The Tale of Sagoromo, and The Tale of Genji; they compose lovepoetry, play the koto and strive shamelessly to emulate their betters. Likewisedo they follow the way of the Buddha and thus lose sight of the Great Way,which makes them subject to bodily ills, disorders their minds, and wreaks ruinin their households.