effects on mental health on african americans

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Effects of racism on the mental health of African Americans in the United States
Racism is the oppression or the marginalization of persons of color founded on a socially created racial ladder that favors white people. The African Americans in the United States have fallen victim to this vise for an extended period. The research below will explain how racism has affected the mental health of those who have fallen victim to racial discrimination. Hate crimes, Stereotyping, and economic inequality are just a few illustrations of the effect that racism has, all of which can have a damaging impact on mental health. Racism can cause or deteriorate some mental health conditions such as anxiety, substance abuse, suicidal thoughts, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). All this can happen in several ways. For example, distressing symptoms can directly consequence of racist episodes such as hate speech. They can also take place as an incidental result of broader discrimination, which racism propagates.
African Americans experience racism in their lives now and then. Examples of racial inequality commonly seen are prejudice and Over Bias which refers to the conviction that one race is superior to the other. That white people in the United States are far greater than the African Americans. The prejudice is that white people are more valuable than Black Americans. Stereotyping Discrimination is the other type of racism encountered by African Americans. They are concluding someone because of their color, race, or ethnicity. Racial profiling is the most common type of stereotyping. Then there is a more understated form of discrimination, like turning away job aspirants because of their skin color. Or banks not granting mortgage loans facilities because of race. It happens everywhere, in malls, restaurants, supermarkets, schools, or the workplace. These forms of racial inequality, even sarcastic comments, are hurtful and may negatively impact ones mental health. 
African Americans experience both long-term and short-term effects of racism which affect them both mentally and psychologically. The impact of racism on an individuals mental health arise as a result of stress. The stress reaction, or the freeze, flight, or flight response, is how the body gets ready to escape from danger. The most common symptoms of stress include muscle tension, a fast heartbeat, sweating, and fast or shallow breathing. Although the stable condition of stress can have harmful side effects on all persons, the unique psycho-social and background factors, specifically the pervasive exposure to racism and discrimination, create an additional daily stressor for African-Americans. Prolonged exposure to stress can contribute to mental and physical health conditions. Because racism is a constant source of stress, it impacts people of color throughout their lives.
Some individuals who experience racial trauma may even develop symptoms resembling PTSD, such as headaches, nightmares, and flashbacks, heart palpitations, avoidance of activities that might remind the person of the trauma, a constant feeling of alertness, or hyperarousal. Thus, impacting an individuals quality of life can lead to additional stress if they find it difficult to work, lose income, or no longer attend school. African Americans also experience depression which is the most common mental health problem due to racism. Regardless of the age of the person. Racism is presented in many different forms. Research shows that African Americans experience racism 1-5 times a day, every day. Facing this every day can affect a person’s self-esteem and can be a cause of depression. 
Anxiety Disorders: Most people who experience racism, they get anxiety disorders. They get anxious when intermingling with people of a different color because theyre afraid it might happen again. Symptoms include panic, fear, and feelings of nervousness, as well as rapid heartbeat and sweating. 
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): Many African American people who have gone through some brutal physical attack due to racism may develop PTSD. This is a severe mental health issue and requires a medical diagnosis. Symptoms of PTSD may include flashbacks or nightmares, heightened reactivity to stimuli, anxiety or depressed mood, and avoidance of situations that bring back the trauma. This person may experience agitation, hyper-vigilance, irritability, self-destructive behavior or social isolation, and hostility. Other problems associated with this type of mental health issue are insomnia or nightmares, fear, mistrust, and emotional detachment or intrusive thought.
 Substance Use Disorders:  Many African Americans faced with racism have poor coping skillssome resort to excessively drinking alcohol or using illegal drugs. The drugs affect an individual’s brain and behavior and lead to an incapacity to control the use of legal or illicit medication or drugs. Substances such as marijuana, alcohol, and nicotine also are considered drugs. Suicidal Thoughts: Extreme racism can dramatically affect people, some to the extent of having suicidal thoughts. Unfortunately, several African Americans have had this thought, and even others have gone ahead and committed suicide because they feel like they can’t cope faced with what seems to be an overwhelming racism situation. They feel like they don’t have hope for the future and may mistakenly think suicide is a solution. They experience a sort of tunnel vision, wherein they believe suicide is the only way out in the middle of a crisis.