health promotions

1.What responsibility do you think schools have in addressing the childhood obesity epidemic and why? 
Wechsler et al. (2004) reveals that most importantly, schools can help students adopt and maintain healthy eating and physical activity behaviors. CDC has published guidelines that identify school policies and practices most likely to be effective in promoting lifelong physical activity and healthy eating. Students are at school for the majority of their lives, so they play a huge role in teaching children different ways to reduce the risk of obesity. There are many practices that schools can adopt to help with the childhood obesity epidemic. Some of those practices include promoting physical activity during the school day, implementing a quality school meal program to promote healthy eating habits with the children, providing healthy options in school vending machines, and educating students on how to make healthy meal choices outside of school to promote a healthier way of life.  
2. The predisposition for childhood obesity can be genetic, socioeconomic, lifestyle and/or cultural and can result in multiple co-morbidities. What are two health promotion strategies/interventions aimed at changing lifestyle behaviors you can use in addressing this epidemic? 
 Spear, et al. (2007) discusses that the best interventions aimed at changing lifestyle behaviors of those suffering from childhood obesity include focused approaches to behavioral changes of individuals, dietary modifications, exercise, and focusing on key behaviors associated with the development of obesity. Some major strategies nurses can use with our young patients who are obese include educating the children and parents about ways to reduce the risk of obesity. Teaching that children and parents of the importance of limiting TV/electronic time to be restricted to maximum 2 hours/day and stressing the importance of at least 60 min of physical activity daily supervised by the parents will help to promote a healthy lifestyle. Education should be supportive, not blaming, and family-centered, not focused on the child alone to promote success. 
 
Sources:  
Wechsler, H., McKenna, M., Lee, S., & Dietz, W. (2004, December). The Role of Schools in Preventing Childhood Obesity. CDC. Retrieved September 14, 2021, from . 
Spear,B., Barlow, S., Ervin, C., Ludwig, D., Saelens, B., Schetzina, K. (2007). Recommendations For Treatment of Child and Adolescent Overweight and Obesity. Official Journal of the  American Academy of Pediatrics. Retrieved September 14, 2021, from https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/120/Supplement_4/S254.short