Hobbes, Leviathan and Locke, Second Treatise of Government

In chapter I.6 of Leviathan Hobbes claims that “these words Good, Evill, and Contemptible, are ever used with relation to the person that useth them.” Locke on the other hand is confident that while there are certain individuals in the state of nature who are indeed evil, the rest of us are in agreement on good and evil. What is the basis for this disagreement over our sense of good and evil? And what are the implications of this disagreement for their respective views of political authority—of who should rule? Which of the two theorists would you argue has given the more coherent solution to the problem of finding agreement in politics and society and why? he essay is to be 6-7 pages double spaced. You may answer the question you have chosen any number of ways, but make sure your essay is coherent and well-written. Be sure as well to provide citations and quotes from the text to support your points. Synoptic summaries of the argument without textual evidence or citations will receive a low grade. Also, do not, I repeat do not, rely on synopses of the theories taken from the internet. I am interested in how you think and write. Synopsis from the internet will be regarded as plagiarism. If you need help understanding the texts, I will be happy to discuss them with you.
1. Make sure that your first paragraph states clearly and succinctly the problem you will be addressing and the argument you will be making. You do not need an introduction of the throat-clearing kind such as, “ever since human beings have been on this earth, they have had to deal with the problem of authority,” or “Hobbes is one of the most important thinkers in political thought,” or “the problem of consent has been the basis of all political orders.” Instead use your opening paragraph to frame the rest of your argument.
2. Make sure your paragraphs follow from one other. Don’t just finish a topic and then without a transition go to the next one. Work on providing transitions between paragraphs.
3. In laying out an argument it is good form to use words like Hobbes/Locke “claims,” “argues,” “maintains,” “insists,” “suggests,” rather than “states” or “says.” For example, “Hobbes claims that fear will drive us to leave the state of war and submit to a sovereign” is better than Hobbes states that…. or Hobbes says that. Do not start a paragraph with a quote. Quotes need to be integrated into an argument.
4. Try to have a strong conclusion. Your conclusion may indicate that your opening thesis needs modification, or that there is even more evidence for it than we thought at the outset, or that we need to think very differently about the problem informing your essay than at first seemed the case.