How does orientalism male gaze define itself as opposing to the east? male gaze, orientalism: John Berger

Discuss the notion of ‘culture’ in relation to visual culture (anthropological point of view, mass culture, high / low culture, modernism, postmodernism). What is the ‘self’ and ‘individual identity’/individuality’ in these framework of thoughts? (see the frames of instagram, brand culture, mass culture, Orientalism (E. Said), mass media.