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I need the peer response…The pros and cons involving vaccinations have been around for many years. Today, finding evidence-based literature in support of vaccinations are extremely rare to find. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, most childhood vaccines are 90-99% effective in preventing disease (American Academy of Pediatrics, n.d.). Meanwhile, there are other evidence-based literatures on the Internet that are not in favor of vaccinations. In an article written by Sara Pluviano, Caroline Watt, and Sergio Della Sala, vaccine hesitancy is rooted in a set of cognitive mechanisms that conspire to render misinformation particularly “sticky” and pro-vaccination beliefs counter-intuitive, involving a multitude of emotional, social, cultural and political factors. Second, public information campaigns designed to dispel erroneous vaccination beliefs often overlook these factors and have limited or even unintended opposite effects (Pluviano et al., 2017). Some of the pros of vaccinations include preventing diseases that typically cause morbidity and even death. That is why it is important that all healthcare providers, including advance practice nurses, to be able to properly educate patients and pediatric parents about the principles and benefits of vaccinations. The controversy that surrounds the cons of vaccinations arises because patients are not misinformed about them. According to Pluviano et al., perhaps the simplest strategy is exposing myths while concurrently debunking them, which is based on the idea of reiterating myths and then discrediting them with a number of facts (Pluviano et al., 2017). Vaccine education should be incorporated with every physical examination in a given healthcare setting. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, healthcare providers are consistently identified as the most trusted source of vaccine information by parents and patients (CDC, 2022). One way nurses can discuss the safeness of vaccination with patients is by using vaccine information sheets provided by the CDC, where parents and patients can know why their child is getting the vaccine, what the vaccine protects against, the risks and possible side effects to look out for. Before administering any vaccine, the nurse practitioner should first gather information from the parent, specifically past medical histories, allergies and family histories of any disease. When approaching a worried patient, the nurse should make sure to ask the parent what he or she knows about the vaccines and what questions they may have, in order to better answer their questions. Having been working in pediatrics, I have noticed a pattern of hesitant mothers when it comes down to vaccinating their babies for the first time. The most hesitant vaccine of all is the Measles, Mumps and Rubella vaccine that parents often decline. The first thing I say when I educate them about the importance of the MMR vaccination is that there is no correlation with autism and that the study that once argued that, is no longer valid. After discussing any possible egg allergies the patient may have, and the components of the vaccine, I educate the parents on the pros and cons of the vaccine. I also reassure them that the vaccine helps prevent disease should the child encounter it, and reassure them that each vaccine is fully approved by the CDC and the Food and Drug Administration because it has undergone countless research and investigation to be allowed for administration. No vaccine should be forced on a parent, with experience, I find it that most parents give their consent once being fully educated about the vaccine.ReferencesAmerican Academy of Pediatrics. (n.d.). Should Vaccines Be Required for Children? Retrieved from https://vaccines.procon.org/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022). Talking with Parents about Vaccines For Infants. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/conversations/talking-with-parents.htmlPluviano, S., Watt, C., & Della Sala, S. (2017). Misinformation lingers in memory: Failure of three pro-vaccination strategies. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5547702/
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I need the peer response…