Introduction & Asset Classes and Financial Instruments

What are overall investment process and some key elements involved in the investment process
What are the differences in financial and real assets and the major components of the investment process 
Explain various financial instruments available to the potential investor  
How to perform after tax yields calculation
What are the various market indexes and price weighted index divisor

Writing  Instructions:
choose 2-3 topics from the above list and discuss the meaning of these terms and how these topics impact investment decisions.