US History Middterm essay

We began our class talking about “America the exception.” In other words, America was 
an exception to the great civilizations of the past (ancient China, Rome, Egypt, etc.) in 
that American society was not ruled by a monarch or religious official but by the people. 
The years between the establishment of the Constitution and the Civil War posed a 
significant challenge to the concept of the “people’s rule” in America. Construct an 
argumentative essay that discusses the challenges that the expansion of the federal 
government, the Industrial Revolution, and, most importantly, chattel slavery posed to 
American freedom and democracy. Why were these issues so challenging and what did 
America do to “restore” power to the people?