Why Did the Court remain the weakest branch (weve covered through the mid 20th century)? What developments or actions by or related to the Court either confirm or qualify Hamiltons argument?

In Federalist #78, Hamilton declares the judiciary to be beyond comparison the weakest of
the three departments of power. Why? Did the Court remain the weakest branch (weve
covered through the mid 20th century)? What developments or actions by or related to the
Court either confirm or qualify Hamiltons argument? How does the development of Court
power relate to the theory of institutional power from the Federalist Papers, involving powers,
constituency, and organization? This should involve at least a brief comparison to Congress or the presidency.